Glossary: P-T

| Thursday January 21 2010 2:52 am | Comments (2)

Rehearsal: Checklist | Install | Register
Scripts: Forward | Add | Scroll | Highlight
Scenes: Record | Rehearse
Comments: Text | Audio | Photo | Video
Voice auditions: Voicework
Glossary: A-E | F-J | K-O | P-T | U-Z


You’re probably just itching to get going with Rehearsal, but before you do, let’s make sure you’re the owner of a device that can actually run Rehearsal.

Here’s a list of the versions of the iPhone and iPod Touch that can successfully run Rehearsal. Any notes are listed with the model.

  • Any iPhone
  • any 2nd or 3rd generation iPod Touch – requires third party microphone. A list of some we recommend is coming. Photo and video functions are disabled on iPod Touch models with no camera.

Installing Rehearsal

The installation of Rehearsal couldn’t be easier. The following is more of a recap of what happens – buying Rehearsal is a snap no matter how you get it.

In the iTunes App Store

Installing Rehearsal via your desktop or laptop computer’s copy of iTunes is a snap.

  1. Either click this link (coming) (which will take you directly to the iTunes page for Rehearsal) or launch iTunes, click on iTunes Store under Store, click on App Store, then search for Rehearsal.
  2. Click the button labeled Get App now. Rehearsal will download into the Applications section of your Library.
  3. Sync your iPhone or iPod Touch with your iTunes library. Rehearsal will install itself on your device, and you’ll be ready to go.

On Your iPhone or iPod Touch

Getting Rehearsal installed while you’re on your iPhone or iPod Touch is even easier, and you can do it anywhere.

  1. Tap on the App Store icon
  2. Search for Rehearsal
  3. When Rehearsal comes up, tap the button in the upper right hand corner marked FREE. It will turn into a button called INSTALL. Tap it again,
  4. Rehearsal will download and install itself.

If you happen to be in a bad spot for 3G connectivity, try switching to WiFi – or wait until you get in a better coverage area.

Using Rehearsal


Once Rehearsal is installed, you’ll need to set up some basic information so that when you use Rehearsal, everything goes smoothly. Let’s start with your personal information.

First Name, Last Name (required): this is your stage name – no need to be fancy here, but this is how we’ll address you when we speak to you about Rehearsal. So, if you want to be clever and call your self The World’s Greatest Actor, fine. We’ll be sending you updates to Mr/Ms Actor and saying “Hey,The World’s Greatest!” when we drop you a line. It’s best to stick with your actual first and last stage name.

Email address (required): this is the email address you’ll be sending your scripts from when feeding them to Rehearsal, so be extremely accurate when you enter them. We’ll help you be extremely accurate by sending you a special code to enter into your Rehearsal registration screen. Enter your email address, then press the Confirm button. Note: if you ever want to change this address, or add an additional address (like your agent’s and/or manager’s) those will have to be confirmed as well.

We use a confirmation loop because we want to be 100% sure that you’ve entered the correct email address for your account. It’s the right thing to do – and if it’s not done, it makes your Rehearsal installation inoperable. Make sure to enter the code you’re sent via email into your Rehearsal registration screen.

Once you’ve successfully confirmed your email address, you can move on.

Gender (required): entering your proper gender will allow us to update you monthly with free monologues that you can use with Rehearsal and can use at casting sessions, workshops, in competitions, class, street corners – anywhere monologues come in handy. And yes, it helps us understand who is using our software.

Casting Age Range (optional): Even if you’re celebrating your 29th birthday for the umpteenth time, we want you to give us the same age range you list on your resume. Again, this is to help us understand who’s using our little application.

Headshot (optional): Give us your best look – you can either upload your actual headshot from the Camera Roll on your iPhone, or simply turn your iPhone over and take a snap of yourself. We’ll use that on your splash page to have you welcome yourself.

Phone number (optional): if we need to get in touch with you for support, updates, technical issues and so on, you can put your phone number here. You don’t have to, but it’s there in case you want to expedite our getting in touch with you.

And that’s it. Once you’ve registered, you’re ready to start using Rehearsal.

Importing Your Scripts

In the real world, here’s how the process goes most of the time when we receive a script for either an audition, or for booked work:

  1. An email comes in with a PDF version of the script, and often other instructions, such as where to go for the audition/work.
  2. We bring up the PDF file, reading it from the screen or printing it out to read and work with.
  3. If we print it, we may highlight our lines (and maybe in a different color, our scene partners’ lines) so we can find them quickly.
  4. Often, actors will speak their lines into a recorder to be able to play them back, over and over. You may being doing this now, and pulling that audio file into iTunes so you can loop it. You also may be recording it with Voice Memo, which doesn’t have a looping function.
  5. As we learn the lines, we try different reads, find new meaning, physical movement, build backstories and more – whatever works for you.
  6. We make notes and Comments in the margins near lines that are important, so we remember what we thought of in particular rehearsal points.

You’ll find working with a script in Rehearsal to be very, very similar to working with a physical script in the real world. Just as in the real world, you’ll get an email with the script attached – and you’ll use Mail on you iPhone (or any other email interface, like Gmail) to forward that piece of email to Rehearsal. But to what email address?

In the email you got after you confirmed your email address, you were given Rehearsal’s email address (yes, your App is important enough that it has it’s own email address) – you’ll use that as the forwarding address for your script-laden emails. You might want to make this easier by adding “Rehearsal” to your Contacts – that way, when you choose Forward, all you have to do is start typing Rehea… in the TO box, and your iPhone will fill in the rest.

Let’s say that your agent sent you the following message:

Hey, Kim!

You’ve got an audition tomorrow at UTV. It’s actually a primetime network TV series based on A Midsummer Night’s Dream, and you’re up for Puck! Here are your sides – go for it! Your audition’s at the network’s studios at 2pm blah blah blah…

…and the PDF file of the sides your agent sent you is attached as a PDF file. It might look something like this:

[PDF file image]

Your email software might let you see it in the email message itself, or it might just be an attachment. Either way, just forward that email message over to Rehearsal, and you’re prepared to start working on the script. Give it a couple of minutes for Rehearsal to get your script catalogued and ready to use.

Next, if you haven’t already launched Rehearsal, now’s the time to do it. Tap the Rehearsal icon on your iPhone or iPod Touch’s desktop. We recommend placing the icon in one of the four icon spaces on the bottom of your device – making it very easy to get to by simply pressing the Home button.

The main Rehearsal screen looks like this:


Once Rehearsal launches and you see that screen, tap on My Scripts – that’s your library of the scripts your working on. If you haven’t forwarded anything over to the app from your email, there won’t be anything there. But if you have, it’s waiting for you in that list of scripts. And don’t worry – Rehearsal keeps very close tabs on everything you do, so when you go back to it after a time away, it’s all there, just as you’ve left it. We’ve put the sides from A Midsummer Night’s Dream in the App as an example to play with. Don’t worry about the other scripts we have in there for now – they are there to illustrate some features of Rehearsal we’ll explore in a bit.

Tap on the script called A Midsummer Night’s Dream to bring up the actual sides themselves. The script will look like a little picture of the script:


Wow. That’s…small. But don’t worry. The iPhone is great at making things just the right size. So let’s use the two finger pinch gesture to “pull” the image of the script out, just the way we want it. Take two fingers, and “spread” the image out. See how it gets bigger?


Don’t worry if the words get too big – you can always do the reverse: take those two fingers of yours and “pinch” the image in. See how it gets smaller? Now, just play with it until you see just the words of the characters filling the width of the screen. We did this so that you can practice with the standard format that TV and film scripts use: centered narrow columns for dialog. Your screen should look like this:


You’re probably thinking to yourself, “It would be really great if I could turn my iPhone sideways so I can see the type even bigger.” Yes, it would be great. And you can. If you would rather see the type larger in landscape mode (but less of the script overall), you can.

[iPhone image]

And if you’re eagle-eyed and you want to use Rehearsal in portrait mode (and see smaller type and more of the script per screenful), you can. It’s your choice.

[iPhone image]

Feel free to use your finger to scroll through the pages of your script to see what exactly is entailed in this audition. We’re going to be doing the exact same thing we’d be doing in the real world with this script. And anything you do to the script from here on out will be remembered by Rehearsal so you can listen, watch, highlight, make Comments and more over and over and over. Now that we’ve got our script right where we want it, let’s start working with it.

Creating Scenes

In a short set of sides, your entire script might consist of only one or two scenes. In this case, we’ve got two separate scenes the City Center director wants to see you perform. If you use your finger to scroll through the script’s 2 pages, you’ll see them, one on each page. You can choose to make one long scene out of it, or, since the two scenes don’t follow each other in Shakespeare’s play (in fact, like with most 2-scene auditions, having those two scenes as your audition shows the director how you can turn the character), you can make two different scenes.

Creating the different scenes is a snap in Rehearsal. Let’s start with something we’re all used to: highlighting our lines.

Highlighting Lines

We’ve designed Rehearsal to be as close to real world, familiar processes as possible, and highlighting is something that is eerily the same as taking your paper script, grabbing a highlighter and marking your lines – without the highlighter smearing your script.

Highlighting is simple.

  1. Tap on My Scripts to bring up the script you want to highlight.
  2. Rotate your screen to your desired orientation: portrait or landscape.
  3. Pinch the image on the screen to zoom in on the lines, making the view just wider than the dialogue text blocks.
  4. Tap on your choice of highlighting color button on the bottom icon bar to choose it.
  5. Locate your lines. You can scroll through your script by dragging the image from the bottom of the screen to the top, taking you from page to page.
  6. As you come to your lines, use your fingers to swipe across your lines – when you touch your screen, your finger acts as the tip of the highlighter, leaving behind the color you chose.
  7. If you make a mistake and highlight messily, or you highlight another character’s lines by mistake (don’t you hate when that happens?), no problem. Unlike in the real world, where you have to remember that the line you mistakenly highlighted isn’t really yours, all you have to do in Rehearsal is tap the eraser button – the button just to the right of the four highlighting buttons. Then, just touch or swipe anywhere in the errant highlighting, and it disappears.

When you’re finished highlighting all your lines, it’s time to create your scenes. That’s a snap.

Creating Scenes

Once you’ve gone through your script and highlighted all your lines, it’s time to create the individual scenes you’ll be rehearsing. It’s good practice to read the entire script to understand how your character plays its part in the story, even if you’re only in one scene. But even if you’re number one on the call sheet (the star that the entire script revolves around), you still want to rehearse your lines one scene at a time. So, whether your in one, a few, several or all of the scenes, let’s create the first scene by recording our lines, then saving our scenes one at a time.

Recording Lines

There are as many ways of learning lines as, well, actors. but most of them are repetitious in nature. That is, you either speak and then listen back to your lines over and over, you write them down over and over, or you move through the script over and over and magically the words are committed to memory.

With Rehearsal, we’ve given you several ways to rehearse with your lines. As you’ll see later, the rehearsal sessions will include visually tying the lines to your recordings of them. Use Rehearsal however you want, but the following method has been designed specifically to the best practices we’ve found in surveying working actors and acting coaches.

We’re going to use a technique that David Lawrence likes to call “dialogue minus one,” in honor of the old Music Minus One instrument practice records. This was a set of records out at one time that allowed you to practice your instrument with a real orchestra, playing all the parts of a classical piece, minus the instrument you were practicing. For example, if you were learning the violin, the orchestra played the entire piece, without any lead violin. You would play along with the recording, and once you got the tempo, the notes, the attack and so on just right, you sounded as if you were part of the orchestra. With practice, you ended up fitting right in, and we’re going to do the same thing with every scene you create and rehearse with in Rehearsal.

Side note: the 1973 album by Albert Brooks, featuring Georgie Jessel, called Comedy Minus One, was a similar album – if you told the jokes just right, and your timing was perfect, Albert and Georgie appeared to be having a comedic conversation with you – and even the audience would laugh and applaud at just the right time. It’s available at Amazon, and it’s one of the inspirations for Rehearsal.

So, here’s the process for recording your lines in Rehearsal:

  1. Highlight your lines. If you’re one of those actors who doesn’t like to highlight your lines, you can move on.
  2. Rotate your screen to your desired orientation: portrait or landscape. Portrait gives you more of the script to work with per screen, and landscape lets you see the script in larger type.
  3. Scroll the script to the character’s line just before the first line your character has. Starting with another character’s line gives you a moment to set yourself as you rehearse. If you have the first line in the scene,scroll to the stage direction or shot instruction just prior to your line.
  4. Tap the Record button. It’s the round red circle at the very left of the menu bar. It will be lit from the moment recording begins.
  5. Hold your device where you can comfortably see the script. You don’t have to have it right next to your mouth to make a clean recording. Holding it as if you were texting or reading email works just fine.
  6. Read ALL the lines (yours and the other characters’), but read your lines at half volume compared the other characters’ lines (instead of silence like in the Minus One albums). You’ll find that when you rehearse with this scene later, you’ll still be able to hear your lines if you need to, and once you know them, you’ll be able to talk over them without competing with them volume wise.
  7. Read all the way to the end of that particular scene, then tap the Record button to stop the recording. If you make a mistake at any time during the course of the recording, you can always stop the recording and start over, or if the mistake was made during another character’s line, you can ignore it. It’s your lines you want to learn cold.
  8. Once you stop the recording, you’ll see a dialog box slide into place with a preloaded name for your scene. You can change that, or leave it the way it is. Name your scene, then save it, or, if you’d like to record it again, cancel the save process.

And that’s it. The moment you’re finished recording your script, you can begin rehearsing with it. Later, as you find new ways to deliver certain lines, you can create virtually unlimited new versions of scenes, naming them Scene 1, version 7 and the like. But let’s rehearse with what we’ve got now.

Rehearsing Your Scene

After recording your lines, it’s a simple matter to then start rehearsing the scene. Just tap the Play button (on the right hand side of the bottom menu bar), and Rehearsal goes into action. The recording you just made will start to play, and, like a TelePrompter, your script will scroll by as well, allowing you to read the lines as well as hear them. Say your lines as you would in the scene. If you don’t know your lines at the beginning of the process, that’s OK – you’re going to hear yourself say them. You don’t have to rush it. You might have to listen several times, watching the script go by, just like in real life.

Once you do have your lines somewhat memorized, you can speak them, talking over yourself and not be worried that your lines are too loud for you to speak live to the other characters. The full memorization of the lines will soon follow.

Rehearsal will play all the way through your scene, then automatically start playing the scene over again. The key to learning your lines is repetition – the more you hear them, the sooner you’ll be able to say them, and the more you say them, the sooner you’ll memorize them cold. Remember, once you memorize them, you can start to play with the way you say your lines to get nuances in what the character is all about – once the lines are down, you can start to explore the character, add movement, business and so on. Eventually, you’ll put your device down, and just listen as you put the scene on it’s feet and add your environment to what you’re saying.

Eventually, you’ll be moving about your rehearsal space, saying your lines with surety, finding new meaning in the words and actions, and making the kinds of strong choices of how to deliver your lines that casting directors and writers love.

Once you’ve got one scene recorded to your liking, move on and record the next scene and the next if you have them. You’re building a library of scenes to rehearse with. Then, rehearse with them in order, out of order, in plot order, whatever you want. And, of course, you’ll start to think of things other than the words in the script that you’ll want to remember.

Adding Comments

Once you start to work with a scene, there will be things that pop up for you that, in the real world, you might jot down in the margin of your script. Rehearsal calls those Comments, and gives you 4 powerful ways to “mark up” or Comment, your script. To add a Comment to a particular line in a script, just double tap near the line to bring up the Comment menu. Your Comment will be placed on your script right where you double tapped when you’re finished. Here are the different Comments you can place on your script:

Text Comments

Use this like you’d use a pencil to jot down notes on the margins of a paper script. Character attributes, motivations, what you want, attitudes, whatever you’d write, you can leave as a Text Comment.

Audio Comments

Suppose you want to leave a note for yourself, and you’d rather speak it than peck it out on your device’s keyboard. Maybe a line read or an alternate to what you recorded – that’s how you might use an Audio Comment.

Photo Comments

If you’ve ever wished you could capture that look you gave yourself in the mirror while rehearsing, then Photo Comments are for you. And Photo Comments are also great for makeup artists and wardrobe personnel who want to take continuity photos or do studies – just place the Photo Comment right by the line or beginning of the scene you want to remember.

Video Comments

If you have a device that records video (like an iPhone 3GS) then you can take Photo Comments one step further, allowing you do read a line and deliver it to your device’s camera in the way you’d like to deliver it to the camera on set. You can take video of how you want to move, how you want to set yourself – even how you want to react to other characters. And for location scouts, directors, set designers and dressers, you can take Rehearsal with you and do preliminary studies of how you see your script being produced – a location scout can comment as he videos a picturesque diner, showing the old time cash register, the swivel seats and the jukebox, and the director can actually make some decisions on her shots, using the iPhone to swoop in, establish, push through a doorway or zoom in for a closeup.

Once you’ve made comments, they are all saved for you, not only in the scene, but on your iPhone or iPod Touch – you can copy and paste the text from Text Comments into email, Notes or a word processor, and Photo and Video Comments are automatically added to your Camera Roll, so you can share them with others and use them in other projects.

Tips and Techniques for Great Scenes

  • As you’re recording, say the name of the character as well as the line. It will help you keep the characters straight, and give you a quick head’s up as you’re learning your lines that it’s your line to say.
  • Feel free to record new versions of the scene and start rehearsing with that version. It’s what you’d do in real life anyway.
  • As you discover new ways to deliver a line, add a Video Comment to that line. You can record several to give yourself alternate choices.

We’d love to hear from you with any tips, techniques, questions or comments in the discussion area of the website dedicated to Rehearsal – it’s at – and it’s also available on the main menu of the app – just tap on the Discuss button.






Technical support

You can contact technical support at anytime by sending email to Rehearsal’s creator, David Lawrence. You can reach him at If you’d like faster service, we offer a 24/7 instant response support package here.

Next: Glossary: U-Z


  1. Comment by Rick Burtt — November 2, 2012 @ 5:56 am

    When I play back my scenes on iPad through speaker the volume is fine. When I play through headphone jack the volume is very very low. I can play other music through the headphones with no problems. Issue is only with Rehearsal, I have updated, rebooted, and re recorded with no luck? Help

  2. Comment by David H. Lawrence XVII — November 2, 2012 @ 11:15 am

    Make sure you use the volume controls on the iPad to raise the volume level on your headphones – it is a separate control from playing back without headphones (same rocker switch on the iPad, but the iPad notes whether or not you have headphones plugged in, and then uses the volume setting for each state).


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